Hemp Oil Vs CBD Oil

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What is the difference between Hemp Oil & CBD Oil?

There is often some confusion around the different kinds of cannabis-derived well-being supplements that are for sale in the UK. It is quite easy to be a little confused as to the difference between CBD oil and Hemp oil. Particularly if you look for your cannabinoid fix on Amazon, or Ebay the line between the two is hard to draw.

Hopefully, this blog post will detail the difference is between CBD oil and Hemp Oil, and how to spot the ‘fake CBD oils’.

 

Hemp Oil Vs CBD Oil

For a lot of people, CBD oils are those ‘cannabis oils’ people buy – hemp is cannabis so they must be also CBD oils? Right?

Well, a Hemp Oil (or hemp seed oil) is derived from the Hemp seeds which are made of up to 75% edible oil. They contain a fantastic array of healthy fats and in itself has a wide range of wellbeing benefits. Most of the time, Hemp seed oils do not contain a meaningful amount of Cannabinoids- it is simply a natural oil that is derived from the seeds of the plant. Hemp oil has been available in health food shops, and are now all the rage online. Hemp seed oils are sold as a food supplement (in capsules/ dropper bottles) or as a beauty product and are fairly cheap (at least much cheaper than a CBD oil)

‘CBD oil’ refers to a substance that contains a large amount of the Cannabinoid CBD– which is one of the main active ingredients derived from the Cannabis/ Hemp leaves and flowers. CBD oil can be produced using pretty much any edible oil, which is why there is so much variety. For example- our Dina (500mg/ 5%) & Diablo (1000mg/10%) are produced using an organic cold-pressed hemp seed oil, and our Dian (1500mg/15%) & Deity (2000mg/20%) CBD oils are produced using an MCT oil which has been derived from Coconut. There are other brands that use Olive Oil, Sunflower or Vegetable to produce their oils. Often ‘CBD oils’ require a process of Co2 extraction (to extract the active cannabinoids & other valuable phytochemicals) and decarboxylation (to turn the raw cannabinoids like CBDa, into CBD).

So, Hemp Oil can be a CBD oil, so long as it actually contains CBD. Most of the really cheap ‘CBD’ oils may just be hemp oil

CBD Oils on Amazon!

One of the most common tactics used by a lot of brands (the CBD oils on Amazon are a perfect example) mock-up their brands/ bottles to look as if they are a CBD product. For instance, with a big ‘20%’ on the bottle – and the ingredients show ‘20% hemp extract’. To the untrained eye, it is really easy to confuse this with a CBD oil.

The fact is ‘hemp extract’ can refer to almost anything from the plant so it does not need to contain any form of cannabinoid… and often they don’t. Some of these products do contain Cannabinoids, but are at a much lower level than what you would expect. Amazon do not allow CBD products to be sold on their platform, but they do allow hemp oil products to be there. So, if you find a 10% oil on amazon for £20, you’re more likely purchasing an expensive hemp oil. A lot of companies get around this by adding fake reviews (there are facebook groups dedicated to this) and asking/ answering questions pretending to be a customer. If you look through all of the amazon ‘CBD oils’ then you will see the same marketing formula.

We have also found more than a few examples of ‘CBD’ oils which are purposely misleading customers. We recently came across a company that is selling what is labeled as a ‘2000mg CBD oil’. For most people, this would be seen as a very strong oil, and the price was very cheap compared to the competitors. After some digging, we found that the oil was ‘2000mgs of hemp extract’, which actually contained just over 4% of CBD.

What is CBG?

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What is CBG?

There are rumblings in the Cannabis world about a new cannabinoid well-being trend, an exciting Cannabinoid called CBG. In actual fact, this Cannabinoid is not new at all and can be found in almost every true full-spectrum CBD oil or CBD Paste (lots of Cannabinoids & Terpenes) product out there, but it is fairly exciting for us ‘Cannabinoid Geeks’.

The theory is, that CBG will explode in popularity in the same way as CBD has… and after posting a couple of probing questions on Reddit CBG seems very popular.

So, what is CBG? What does it do, and where can it be found!?

The Endocannabinoid System

Before we can delve into the specifics of the compound, it is very important to understand the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS in short, is a network of receptors that are woven throughout our body and interact with Cannabinoids; those we create inside our bodies (Endocannabinoids) and those from plants (Phytocannabinoids). The ECS plays a vital role in our bodies ability to achieve Homeostasis; this is the process of bodily self-regulation, where biological systems maintain internal stability and adjust to deal with external conditions to ensure optimum survival.

The ECS is part of our body’s ability to ensure balance and function properly. Cannabinoids (like CBD, CBDa, THC, CBC & 108 more) attach themselves to cannabinoid receptors!

It is always essential that you have an understanding of the ECS before learning about CBG. We all have an ECS and it is this network of receptors that unlocks our well-being potential. If CBG is to become the next CBD, it will undoubtedly be followed by some degree of misinformation and exaggeration, so it is important that you know the internal systems that CBG operates with.

 

What is the Difference Between CBD & CBG?

So, what is CBG? Cannabigerol, like CBD (Cannabidiol), is a Phytocannabinoid which means that it comes from a plant; mainly the Cannabis family of plants. Much like CBD it is non-psychoactive and has been associated with a plethora of well-being outcomes.

In all fairness, it only makes up a tiny amount of the plant, but it is the precursor for the most abundant Cannabinoids; CBDa, THCa & CBCa. Cannabis produces the raw acid compound CBGa which is broken down (by Synthesis & Decarboxylation) into the other Cannabinoids when exposed to heat and ultra-violet light. So in most cases, CBGa is almost immediately broken down into CBD or THC.

In more recent years, scientists have been experimenting with genetic modification and cross-breeding to create strains that has a naturally high concentration of CBG- along with creating products (like oils) by extracting the CBG from the buds just before the Cannabinoid is synthesised into something else. You can actually start to see dedicated CBG oils &Isolates.

 

What are the benefits?

Currently, there are clinical trials ongoing to further understand the benefits, and potential of CBG so it is hard to say for certain what the benefits are. Research is in its infancy so we have an exciting wait to understand what CBG/CBGa can do for us.

What we can certainly say is that research has shown that CBG primarily attaches itself to the CB2 (found in most places in the body) receptor of the Endocannabinoid System and appears to be able to block compounds attaching to the CB1 (brain & nervous system so can alter the way we think… THC attaches to this receptor network), and can contribute to our well-being in a similar way as CBD does. It interacts with the Endocannabinoid system to achieve that healthy balance we talked about earlier.

It is certainly well known that CBG is part of the ‘entourage effect‘ which is when multiple cannabinoids regulate and enhance each other. It just means that rather than taking CBD, or CBG as an isolate, it is much more beneficial to enjoy them in the way that nature intended; together!

 

Where to find it?

Fantastic question, I am glad that you have asked. Please do indulge us in a little section of promotion. You can find this special compoud in plenty of full-spectrum CBD oils as it is becoming an essential cannabinoid alongside CBD. While there are more dedicated products coming out of the woodwork, it is yet to be seen how effective they are.

The formulas for our 500mg & 1000mg oils specifically include CBD, CBDa and CBG, with a trace level of CBC to ensure that they take advantage of the true-entourage effect. Our 1500mg & 2000mg oils have been boosted with CBD & CBG in an MCT Oil base!

Although there is no science backing the inclusion of CBG right now, we know that it is something special! Watch this space!

What is Homeostasis?

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What is Homeostasis?

You may have already read all about the Endocannabinoid System and the role it plays in your body’s ability to achieve Homeostasis

Don’t worry if you are not aware of what all this means for your well-being; that is what we are here for!

 

Basically

Homeostasis is the process of bodily self-regulation, where biological systems maintain internal stability and adjust to deal with external conditions to ensure optimum survival. Our body is a delicate ecosystem of chemicals, fluids, processes, and signals that keeps us functioning as we do. Put it this way, if Homeostasis is successful then life continues; otherwise, disaster or death will occur. If our internal balance is stopped or disrupted beyond repair our body cannot function correctly and therefore we will die.

We often refer to homeostasis as a ‘happy medium’, our body systems work to achieve a state of equilibrium, which is a balance that resists outside influences. So when there is an environmental change (internally or externally), our bodies kick a regulatory response into gear and works to achieve a new balance; these changes in the body are achieved with the nervous system, hormonal systems and the activation/deactivation of cannabinoid receptors.

An Example of Homeostasis at work

The easiest example of this regulation is something us in Scotland (or the UK in general) know very well; when you shiver in the cold. Internally, our body works optimally within prescribed a core temperature range (usually around 37 degrees) and a change in this can signify something is wrong or can be catastrophic for your internal workings. This process is controlled by the Hypothalamus region of the brain, which detects a change in temperature via information from the bloodstream, change in breathing rates, level of blood sugar and metabolic rate.

As your body’s thermostat detects an imbalance in the form of body temperature (heat loss: reduction in insulin, decreased circulation to the skin), it triggers an involuntary response to shiver in an attempt to increase your body’s temperature back its ideal temperature range. An opposite reaction would be our body producing sweat to cool us down. If your body gets too hot or cold, the body stops working properly – if we cannot maintain our core temperature, we will get sick or die.

There are thousands (if not millions) of examples of self-regulation; if there is even a slight imbalance it can have an impact on your well-being. To enable us to unlock the optimal internal balance, we need to be our bodies best friend.

How To Ensure Healthy Homeostasis?

Healthy body function often happens/ doesn’t happen on its own. There are millions of factors that can affect your body’s ability to achieve homeostasis, and most of them are out of our control.

It is, however, our responsibility to ensure that all of these vital systems are able to work correctly. We need to monitor our own bodily functions and take note of when something doesn’t feel right. Even slight changes to your lifestyle could prevent future (or correct current) imbalances.

If you are wondering how you can help your body achieve optimal homeostasis then have a look at a couple of lifestyle changes that will help your body out:

  • Regular Exercise (For Body & Mind)
  • A Healthy Balanced Diet
  • Maintain Your Endocannabinoid System
  • Drinking Lots of Water/ Keep Hydrated
  • Ensuring a Healthy Sleeping Pattern
  • Practice Mindfulness (Mental Health)
  • Listen to your body’s needs. 

We simply need to ensure that we are looking after ourselves and giving our bodies the best opportunities that we can. If we live an unhealthy life, there is more chance that something would go wrong- do everything in moderation and keep an eye on what your body is telling you! Prevention is better than a cure!

How To Make Your Own CBD Oil

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How To Make Your Own CBD Oil at Home

Ok, so you are the adventurous type and you like to make things yourself! Great, you’re just our kind of person. So we are going to share some knowledge with you that you are going to love. We are going to show you how to make your own CBD Oil!

 

If you find that this process is a little but unnecessary or if you need an oil stronger that 750mgs, we have some ready-made: 500mgs/ 5%, 1000mgs/ 10%, 1500mgs/ 5% & 2000mgs/ 20% 🙂

 

Why should you try DIY CBD Oil?

The most important thing about taking CBD is finding your perfect dose and balance. This journey is about understanding your body and finding the perfect balance of cannabinoids, which flavours you like, and which way is best to take CBD for you! Personally, being able to try different blends, formulas and concentrations of CBD without having to go and buy a load of different brands has been amazing (and saved so much money). So, do you want to start your journey of CBD self-discovery? Well, here is how to make your own DIY CBD Oil or Tincture!

 

Things you need!

  • A Bottle with a Pipette (10ml preferably)
  • A healthy oil of your choice (Hemp, Coconut, MCT, Olive, Vegetable or even a distillate CBD oil)
  • A Hemp Extract/ CBD Paste
  • Yourself

 

So, How do You Make CBD Oil?

This is a very easy step by step guide. This process, in short, is about working out how strong you need the oil to be, what carrier oil you want to choose & actually making the mixture!

Step One- Work out your strength

Ok- so first, you just need to think about where you want to start- How much CBD do you want?. If you are a new user, it is best to start with a low dose and if you have tried CBD before, maybe you already know. You need to work out what concentration you want your DYI CBD oil to be, and you do this by working out how many mgs of CBD you want per 10mls of liquid (which is why a 10ml bottle is easiest).

Our whole 10ml tube of CBD paste is 1000mg of total cannabinoids. Here are the concentrations below if you put the amount into an empty 10ml bottle.

  • 1/4 of the tube = 250mg (2.5% CBD Oil)
  • 1/2 of the tube= 500mg (5% CBD Oil)
  • 3/4 of the tube = 750mg (7.5% CBD Oil)

Things get a little more complex when you start increasing the concentration to higher than 750mg in a 10ml bottle. If you put the whole tube of paste into the bottle, the consistency will be way too thick and it will be very difficult to get out of the bottle. So if you want a higher concentration of CBD oil you need to start off the oil with some CBD content- so you would use a carrier oil that is infused with a distillate (this just means that the oil still has CBD in it, but is still quite light) then you would add on top. So, a 500mg CBD oil plus a 1/2 tube of paste will make a 1000mg CBD oil (10% in a 10ml bottle). Easy right!?

 

Step 2- Choose a Carrier Oil

Now that you have worked out how strong you want the oil to be, you want to think about the qualities, flavours and other beneficial factors that the oils should have; this is all down to the carrier oil that you use to create your DIY CBD Oil. Your choice of Oil can depend on what you are looking to use the oil for too- if you are trying to make a balm, or oil for skin, or hair then you would choose your base appropriately.

 

So, here is a list of Oils that we would suggest and a list of their benefits in a tincture:

 

If you were looking to make a CBD oil for your hair or skin – Use Coconut oil, Castor Oil or Jojoba oil. You can even add your paste to butter if you want to spread it on your toast!

After trying several oils, by far the best for me is either MCT or Coconut oil. I feel like tincture has a lighter taste, I feel like I have more energy during the day and I can eat the coconut with a spoon (when it is frozen in the winter). That is just my personal preference. There is also nothing wrong with a blend of different oils, it is down to what you want to achieve with your DYI CBD Tincture.

 

Step 3- Make your CBD Oil!

This is the fun part: So, you know how much CBD you want and you know what oil you want to use. Now it is time to start the magic.

  1. Empty as much CBD paste as you have planned into the bottom of the empty bottle
  2. Add the oil and make sure that you leave a gap of at least 3cm or 4cm before the top (leave enough room for the oil to move)
  3. Put the lid on and give your bottle a really good shake until the paste has been fully broken down.
  4. Top your oil up and leave it to rest (the paste will take some time to fully infuse into the oil).

It is as easy as that. You will notice that the oil is thick, dark, spicy and pungent, and therefore, needs a good shake before you take some oil.

 

Video Evidence

Jankie video warning! Recently, we posted a little video on social media showing you this process of exactly how to make your own CBD oil- you can see this video attached below.. or check out or other blog posts about Melatonin & more 😀

 

Now You Know How To Make CBD Oil at Home

Indica Vs Sativa

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Sativa vs Indica

What is the difference between Sativa and Indica is a question we get quite a lot- particularly from previous customers of the CBD brothers/ The Original Alternative or those who smoke cannabis recreationally.

For those of you who don’t know,  that there are three main strains: SativaIndica, & a Hybrid of the two (we will talk about Sensimilla towards the end – no Seeds). These types (or strains) of Cannabis strains are deeply routed in Cannabis culture and usually, if you are into smoking you will be asking which is your preference.

While the battle between Sativa & Indica is fairly obvious in the cannabis community, it is much less obvious when you are looking into CBD oils or CBD paste. All CBD oils in the UK (including ours) are produced (or should be according to the FSA & CTA) using a Hemp extract (from leaves and/ or flower), from a strain called Sativa L. – which is a part of the Cannabis family but isn’t known for being smoked down to the fact that there is a very high level of CBD, and low levels of THC (why people smoke Cannabis in the first place).

If you are looking for an Indica strain CBD product, you can find it here!

So what is the difference between Indica & Sativa (& the CBD oils they produce), and does it matter?

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What is the difference between Indica vs Sativa?

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Well, if you ask somebody who knows their Cannabis well:

  • Indica: is known for being chill and is often taken before bed or to relax after a long day (strains like Northern Lights & Blue Cheese). The Indica strains are known to ‘lock you’ to the couch.
  • Sativa: is commonly associated with an ‘uplifting, exciting and cerebral’ effect which is said to be better for creative projects, exercise or at social gatherings (strains like Amnesia or Sour Diesel)
  • A Hybrid: is a combination of the two where you may be able to enjoy the best of both worlds. Some of the most famous strains are Hybrids: Including Stardawg, Gorilla Glue and OG Kush. All of our Vape concentrates/vape pen options are hybrids with a sativa/indica lean.

The physical differences between the strain are:

  • Indica: Short in stature, broad leaves, shorter flowering cycles and are better suited to cooler climates.
  • Sativa: Tall in stature, narrow leaves, long flowering cycles and (you guessed it) like the warm sunshine.

The different environments and structures will certainly have an impact on the chemical profile of the plants.

These differences, however, are generalisations and do not truly represent the qualities of either strain; by a long way, the most important factor in this is the Cannabinoid & Terpene profile of the plant. So it is much more important to understand the chemical structure of the plant (eg- CBD ratio to THC etc..) rather than the strain. For instance, a strain that is a Sativa with a high CBD content will feel much more like an Indica for example- there is no real telling the difference.

This is important for those who know a lot about Cannabis and are looking for a CBD oil. It would make sense that you would look for an Indica based oil as most people who buy a CBD oil are not looking for it to get them ‘hyped’. So when faced with an overwhelming array of oils that are made with a Sativa, it may be confusing. Some companies make a big deal of which strain they use but at the end of the day, does it really make too much of a difference.

 

Indica CBD Oil or Sativa CBD Oil?

In the context of recreational cannabis, the different strains and CBD/THC ratios make some kind of sense. As there is a large amount of THC being consumed, the effects of the cannabinoids and other phytochemicals can be instantly felt. In the UK, the only strain that CBD oils should be produced with is the Sativa L but it seems that this doesn’t make too much of a difference to the finished article.

The production of most CBD oils seems to make the strain somewhat irrelevant. Hemp is used in the production of CBD oils due to its high concentration of CBD, and generally, most of the other important chemicals are stripped out or reduced significantly- for legal reasons: According to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations (MoDR) 2001 regulation 2, the legal level of THC is 1mg per closed container, irrespective of size. 0.2% THC is the maximum content which is for growers and refers to raw extract.

CBD oils are manufactured (in most cases) to remove THC (and often terpenes too) so the nuances between the strains are almost completely lost. There are some oils that are thick and dark (like our full spectrum 10% CBD Oils) and others do not contain THC at all (like our 2000mgs/20% oil) – each hold a very different experience (in regards to taste, general well-being), but often the same outcome in terms of the way they feel. Some oils are manufactured to contain a carefully constructed profile of Cannabinoids specifically to target particular effects. All of our own oils contain natural plant terpenes so they are getting to work without you even knowing it.

There are lots of Indica CBD oils on the market at the moment, but according to some regulators, these may not be strictly legal. Most notably, Indica CBD oils can be purchased online alongside Sativa CBD oils. The main difference between the two will certainly be their terpene profiles. We currently only sell Sativa CBD oils as we wish to be on the safe side of the coming regulation and enforcement.

 

Terpenes

Terpenes are a set of aromatics that can have a huge impact on the way the body uses cannabinoids, and have their own array of health and well-being benefits. generally, Terpenes are used during aromatherapy to relax or invigorate your mind and body and are produced by plants and fruits. They are very easily found in lavender, oranges, pepper, hops and in cannabis. Do you like the smell of cannabis, and notice that different strains smell differently? Well, that is all down to the terpene profiles? Some smell citrusy, like pine, berries or fuel. The Terpenes that are most commonly found in cannabis are Mycene, Caryophyllene, Limonene and Terpinolene.

The presence of certain terpenes in your CBD oil can have a huge impact on your experience. Some are very soothing, and others may make you feel stimulated or anxious!

The Terpene profiles found in both Sativa and Indica are largely very similar – the main difference between a Sativa CBD oil and an Indica CBD oil is really down to a high level of Terpinolene in certain Sativa strains. Terpinolene can be found in Nutmeg, Teatree Lilacs, Apples and Cumin.

Although there is plenty of research into terpinolene ongoing: the terpene has been found to contribute to a plethora of well-being outcomes.

What Is Sensimilla?

While Cannabis Indica & Sativa are the most commonly talked about forms of Cannabis, there is another sub-sector of cannabis plants called Sensimilla. Question: is Sensimilla Sativa or Indica? Sensimilla plants can be both! A Sensimilla is simply a female cannabis plant that has been grown without male cannabis plants.

In biology, all plants have a male and female part which are essential for the reproduction of plants. For cannabis, the male plants produce pollen which fertilizes the females- the females produce seeds that drop and germinate to produce new plants. These new plants, however, are of random strains and cannot be controlled.

When cannabis growers want to control the strain, cannabinoid levels and yield of the plants, they tend to remove the male plants from the and keep the ‘pure’ females which are seedless and have higher levels of THC. The Sensimilla plants contain more THC (or CBD depending on the strain), have a greater flower yield and there are no seeds that are produced. This process revolutionized the cannabis industry and the quality of smokable flowers.

 

What Are Cannabinoids?

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Cannabinoids

Although CBD gets a lot of press it is only one of 113 identified cannabinoid compounds identified in the family of Cannabis plants. cannabinoids come in all kinds of shapes and sizes and do a very wide range of things. Each attach themselves to our Endocannabinoid System and alter the way in which out body sends, and receives signals. 

The two most well known cannabinoids are CBD & THC which make up most of the cannabinoid profile of the plant- our best friend CBD being up to 40%. 

Cannabinoids comes in three classifications: Endocannabinoids, which are produced in our bodies, Phytocannabinoids, which can be derived from plants, and Synthetic-Cannabinoids, which have been made by humans. 

Endocannabinoids

In short, Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are produced within our bodies at attach to cannabinoid receptors. Would it surprise you to say that these compounds have the same effects on our bodies as phytocannabinoids, and are actually very similar in their chemical structure? 

Anandamide was first to be identified – also known as arahidonoyl ethanolamine. The name comes from a Sanskrit word that means ‘bliss’. In its pharmacology it is very similar to THC (the psychoactive compound in Cannabis) although the chemical structure is different. Anandamide binds to the CB1 receptor, and the CB2 to a lesser extent, where it acts as an agonist. 

This endocannabinoid is just as potent as THC when it interacts with the CB1 receptors which is why you can get a rush of intense euphoria after a long run (running high), or after eating some spice. It is found in nearly all tissues in the animal kingdom – it is also found in Chocolate… although in very small amounts. 

Two other variations of Anandamide are docosatetraenoylethanolamide and homo-y-linolenoylethanolamine (yeah, I gave up with these too). All of these interact with the same signalling lipids called n-acylethanolamines (including noncannabimimetic palmitoylethanolamide and oleoylethanolamide). 

So in essence, we produce our own THC that makes us high!

If this paragraph has been more than enough chemistry for one day, then read on, otherwise, if you are interested in learning more about the other endocannabinoids that have been identified then follow the link to the wikipedia page for reference!

Phytocannabinoids

Feeeeww, we are back onto familiar ground. As you may already be aware, Phytocannabinoids are compounds that interact with the ECS and are derived from plants. The name ‘cannabinoid’ comes from the fact that these chemicals were deserved during research into cannabis; although cannabis has a very high content of these chemicals, cannabinoids can also be found in Olives, Flax seeds and Chocolate.

There are lots of these chemicals and each do very interesting things. Here is a list of known cannabinoid subcategories: 

  • Cannabigerols (CBG)
  • Cannabichromenes (CBC)
  • Cannabidiols (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinols (THC)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabinodiol (CBDL)
  • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
  • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
  • Cannabitriol (CBT)
  • Cannabivarin (CBV)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
  • Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)
  • Cannabigerovarin (CBGV)
  • Cannabigerol Monoethyl Ether (CBGM)
 
There are loads of other cannabinoids (and aromatic compounds called Terpenes) that haven’t been included within this list – including the acid precursors such as CBDa, and THCa which can be found in some of our products. 
 

Synthetic Cannabinoids 

When anybody ways ‘synthetic’ we get the fear – and yes, when you witness somebody abusing synthetic cannabinoids (much like Spice) it is easy to worry about what these compounds are for, and what they do to us. Many can be very dangerous but the purpose of these cannabinoids is much more than for recreational use. 

As you might imagine, when an amazing chemical is discovered, Scientist will get to work to try and understand and replicate it.Whether that be for medicinal or recreational use.

Most of the synthetic cannabinoids we know about have been based on the structure of herbal cannabinoids, and huge numbers of them have been produced and tested, mainly by a group led by Roger Adams in the 1940s and later by the group lead by Raphael Machaulam. The newer synthetic cannabinoids have been created using the structures of Endocannabinoids. 

You may be thinking, why would these people create new compounds? Well, most of these cannabinoids were developed during experiments which set out to determine the relationship between the chemical structure, and their activity when combined with a cannabinoid receptor. Subsequently, they would be adapted with incremental modifications to achieve a desired effect.

Politically, this can get a little heated.

Cannabinoid Paste Vs CBD Oil?

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CBD Paste Vs CBD Oil?

If you have been keeping up with us, you will have noticed that we have recently added a CBD paste to our range; it has very quickly become a favourite of ours and is the most popular repurchased item!

A CBD paste seems kind of scary – it is in a tube/syringe, it is black and thick and looks as though it should be reserved for the CBD veterans out there. In fact – it is very easy to use and an amazing source of a wide range of naturally occurring amino-acids, waxes, terpenes and cannabinoids; we think that it can be used by beginners as well as those who like a powerful cannabinoid punch.

It may not be for the faint hearted, but it is for those who are serious about the benefits of hemp.

A paste is what we personally use here at CBDiablo and much prefer it to the more popular oil- but what is the difference between the Cannabinoid paste, and a CBD Oil?

CBD Oils & Tinctures

So, as simple as it gets: a CBD oil is made by infusing the Cannabinoid compounds with a carrier oil (like Hemp Seed, Coconut/ MCT or Olive Oil). This can be done by adding an isolated form of CBD, a THC free broad or full-spectrum distillate, concentrate or even the paste. For whatever reason, CBD oil seems to be the most popular CBD product in the UK and is usually the gateway that people use to start their CBD journey.

Oils can come in a very wide range of shapes and sizes. Some are lighter tasting, and thin so they are made specifically to appeal to those with a delicate palate. It means that the oils lots of the ‘good stuff’ has been stripped out and a lot of the natural goodness goes to waste.

Other oils are really thick, strong and contain a lot more of what the Hemp plant has to offer. More often than not, an oil is produced by using a pureed version of the Hemp plant.

We would wager that most of the oils in the UK market only utilise CBD as a cannabinoid, and the other waxes, terpenes and natural amino-acids are taken out of the formula (usually golden or clear oils).

This is something we didn’t like so have ensured that our formula takes advantage of CBD & the whole hemp plant– they may taste like hell but they work like heaven.

Most of these oils come in a little bottle with a pipette and you put drops of the oils underneath your tongue. The great thing about an oil is that it is versatile and the carrier oil also has its own well-being benefits. For instance, an MCT oil is a very effective delivery system and is one of the most health beneficial substances on the planet; olive oil is great for your hair and skin. So, depending on what you need from the CBD product, you can choose a carrier oil that complements the benefits of CBD.

Cannabinoid Extracts & Pastes

A Sativa hemp extract is a pure raw whole plant paste that has been produced specifically to retain the naturally occurring cannabinoids, amino-acids, waxes and terpenes. It is exactly how nature intended it to be.

Imagine a whole hemp plant that has been squeezed into a tube. There are many people out there, including us, who believe that the benefits of CBD & the Hemp plant are best when all of the naturally occurring chemicals and compounds are present- including a wide range of naturally occurring Cannabinoids that work to enhance and regulate each other; this is called the Entourage Effect.

Compared to oils, cannabinoid pastes contain a much wider range of cannabinoids, including the raw acid form of CBD called CBDa. CBD or cannabinoid pastes (down to the content of other health beneficial cannabinoids) tend to be much more potent and a little goes a long way– this is down to the entourage effect. Many customers find that the paste is much more cost-effective and lasts a lot longer as less works just as well as twice the amount of oil.

Pastes also come in a variety of shapes and sizes- some are thicker and darker, while others are lighter, softer and more liquid. Some taste very strong and bitter, some have a slightly floral note that makes them quite pleasant. This kind of pure hemp extract really sticks to the back of your throat and can put a few hairs on your chin! (not literally) so it may be best to wash it down with a little bit of water or veg juice.

You would usually take the paste in the same way as you would take the oil, but placing a pea-sized (or as you feel best) amount under your tongue. Otherwise, you can rub the paste into your skin, add the paste to food or to a carrier oil to make your very own CBD tincture.

Which is Better?

Well, you can be the judge of this! It is really which product you prefer and which you find easiest to take. The paste is a raw, effective pure product but comes with a very acquired taste – an oil is easy to take, can come in a variety of different forms and has versatility.

We personally turn our paste into an oil to get the best of both worlds, but how you take your CBD is down to you!

If you have come this far and CBD paste is not for you, then check out our 500mg and 1000mg hemp oils, & 1500mg and 2000mg MCT oil. Or read our blog, including information about Melatonin.

How To Take CBD Paste | How Much CBD Paste should I Take

What is CBD Oil Made From?

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What is CBD Oil Made From?

CBD oil is by far the most popular CBD product on the market, and it seems to the gateway that people use to start their CBD journey. I was asked the other day by my brother; ‘So, what is CBD oil actually made of?’

The question was phrased with the idea that CBD oil is an oil, rather than a number of constituents combined. It was a very interesting take because it is something we often overlook having been working with CBD for a while now… and after analyzing some of the adverts and product descriptions out there, I can see why anybody who is new to this would get confused

So, we have decided to go into a little bit more detail about what a CBD oil is, and how they are made. 

What is CBD Oil?

‘CBD oil’ (As in oil made from CBD) isn’t actually a thing – it is almost a brand named item like the ‘Hoover’ or ‘Epipen’. The name ‘CBD oil’ has become ubiquitous for any oily substance that contains CBD.

A CBD oil is a ‘carrier oil’ (usually hemp seed oil, MCT oil, coconut oil, olive oil or vegetable oil) that has been infused with the CBD compounds via an isolate, paste or distillate. CBD is a chemical/ that is found in the cannabis plant and doesn’t come in an oil form, but you can add this to any oil and create what has been marketed as a ‘CBD oil’.

So basically: Olive Oil + CBD (Cannabindiol Compound)= CBD Oil (The Dutch often use olive oil in their blends)

The same process goes for vape oils where Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG) are combined with CBD to create a ‘CBD Vape Oil/ Eliquid’.

When you are buying any CBD oil products, you should always check out the ingredients to understand what the base oil is. Each oil has its own range of benefits and works with the CBD differently – so, for example, MCT is known for being a very efficient energy source and is a superb delivery system for CBD, Hemp Oil is packed with naturally occurring omega fatty acids & olive oil contains powerful antioxidants.

CBD Oil that isn’t really CBD Oil

So, when does CBD oil stop being CBD oil? It is complicated because the name ‘CBD oil’ seems to now an umbrella for most ‘cannabinoid products’. CBD one of the two main cannabinoids in cannabis, but there are a range of different cannabinoids and acid precursors to CBD like CBDa. Each do different things and have their oil wide range of health and well-being benefits.

So technically, these products are ‘cannabinoid oils’ or ‘cannabinoid pastes’. While CBD is the main cannabinoid, it isn’t the only one worth noting! 

How is CBD Oil Made?

In our time in the industry we have heard some shocking methods of creating CBD products- including boiling Cannabis flowers in vats of vegetable oils or alcohol (why!?). Also heard of people being asked to stock murky bottles of ‘bath brew’ that have been made in brewing kits. In any case, these were most likely really bad for you or as an unknown quantity of anything. 

There are really three main ways in which you can make a CBD oil – two of these you can try at home. 

  • CBD Isolate – You can buy CBD isolates on the market that can be simply pure 99.9% CBD powders or crystals, or CBD crumbles, waxes which tend to be wider spectrum. You can add these to your base oils by heating the oil up to 60 degrees and stirring until the CBD has dissolved into the oil. We have done this before and it is quite easy. As per novel foods regulations it is not permitted to consume products created using Isolated CBD, but you can use it to create hair oils, skincare and topical ointments. There are however, some isolated products for sale in the UK and you should avoid them the best you can!
  • CBD Paste – For lower concentrations, it is really effective to create a CBD tincture using a CBD paste – this is what I do at home. You can simply add a measured amount of CBD Paste into a bottle and then add a carrier oil/ distillate CBD oil. Give that bottle a good shake and you have a fantastic full-spectrum CBD oil/ tincture. This way you can measure and refine your oil perfectly to your tastes, and get a powerful full-spectrum punch.
  • CBD Distillate – Much like CBD paste, a CBD distillate is a yellowish paste that contains a very high concentration of cannabinoids. This can be diluted into a carrier oil to boost the content of CBD- this is often used in combination with adding a paste to boost the content of CBD. For instance, anything above 1000mg using a paste is too thick, so it needs a base level content of cannabinoids before the paste is added. This is what is usually used when you have a high strength oil like a 15% or 20% CBD. 

CBD for Ultra Marathon Running

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CBD For Ultra Marathon Running

As more people start to take CBD, we start to build a greater picture and understanding of what the compound does. The body is a strange unique ecosystem so everybody reacts to things differently – just like some of us have allergies, some of us don’t, some of us get wired after half a cup of coffee and some of us need a boat of caffeine to feel anywhere near human in the morning. 

Those at the very, very top are professional sports people, athletes, lifters, body-builders, swimmers, marathon runners and anybody on the very cutting edge of human ability. When you are pushing your body to the absolute limit, a healthy support of the ECS may be able to give you the cutting edge you need to achieve more, push harder and overcome the demons of training. CBD oil for Marathon running is becoming extremely popular online as runners are looking to find something to limit wear and tear. 

Arguably the most extreme and intense activities out there is the ultramarathon runners. Seriously, these guys and girls are another breed!

If you are an ultramarathon runner and know first hand what it is, and how it feels, skip to the section about how CBD helps. 

Not only do we have an interview on our site with a CBDiablo customer who runs ultras for fun, our co-founder Sam also recently completed his first ultra-marathon, and CBD played a big part in his recovery after long runs, so we’ve got firsthand experience too.

Sam looking very tired during his ultra-marathon.
Sam looking very tired during his run.

So if you’re interested in learning more about the benefits of CBD for this sort of crazy stuff, you’re probably in the right place. As a quick overview, here is what seemed to work for Sam during his training and the run itself:

  • Paste in the morning before breakfast (with a pint of water)
  • The Ophanim Spray bottle (for during training runs & throughout the day)
  • Paste before Food and before bed
  • 50mg -60mgs of CBD per training day. 

It’s also worth mentioning that he tried a CBD gel which he found online and didn’t feel too much effect from it. The CBD might not work for everyone in the same way, this is just what Sam found to work.

The CBD paste contains THC which may concern some athletes who are regularly tested: in that case we have a number of THC free oils & pharmaceutical grade MCT oil ‘angleic sprays’

 Let’s get into the rest of the guide now:

What is Ultra-Marathon Running?

Ultramarathon running simply refers to a race that is longer than the traditional marathon run of 26 miles. If a marathon wasn’t enough, some ultramarathon events span over 50 and 100 miles of continuous running, 24/48 hour running events (as many miles as you can do in that time) and consecutive days running of thousands of miles. Mental!

You’re not only looking at the event that is one of the most physically demanding sports devised by humans, but there comes a point when mental strength is all you have. We genuinely have the greatest of respect for anybody who even gets on the starting line. The tole that running 24 hours will have on your body is immense and there is a fine line between ultimate glory and a serious health concerns and injury.

Luke Hinds is an absolute beast- a true CBDeity!

The Body

Human beings have been running for millions of years. It is really only in recent history that the average mileage of a human has decreased significantly. Our ancestors ran to travel at speed, to chase prey and run away from predators. Our bodies are primed for running long distances – ultramarathon running is even pushing that pedigree to the limit.

For most of us, a single marathon is a once or twice in a lifetime achievement that is reserved for dedicated runners. In fact, a marathon is an afternoon training session for an ultramarathon runner.

On average, an runner can burn up to 600 calories an hour and once training session could last for 4 or 5 hours. The depletion in your bodies glycogen and energy system would be insane….

As you can imagine, a runner also lands on their feet on average 5000 times an hour – the wear and tear of the grinding impact on the feet, ankles and knees will be huge. You’ll 100% need an ice cold bath after that session. They also experience an extreme form of DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness) due to hours of eccentric contractions (leg muscles lengthening under impact while they try to contract). DOMS is no uncommon in distance runners.


When your body is running on fumes it is really important for ultramarathon runners to understand intimately what they are putting in their bodies to maximize the use of their energy, to help prevent injury and help to heal and repair before getting back in the trainers. Kit, nutrition and supplements are almost essential.

During a race, the impact on the heart, joints, muscles, heart, liver, kidneys and immune system can be felt for weeks afterwards. 

The Mind

A famous saying in the running world is ‘hitting the wall’. This is when you feel like your body is done and your race is over. Your breathing becomes difficult, your legs start to drop and your body starts giving up. If you focus your mind and just keep going through the pain you suddenly get a second wind and your body almost comes back to life. This represents the power of the mind over your body.
 
The single most important aspect of performance physically, is your mental capability to keep going way past what you think your body can achieve.
 
When it comes to ultramarathon runners, the body is exhausted, often broken, is sleep deprived (imagine for running for 24 hours) and needing rest- it is the mind that keeps your body pushing to finish the full 100 miles. You must be very determined and need to be comfortable with being uncomfortable!
 
If you follow anybody like David Goggins (Navy Seal & Motivational Speaker), Ant Middleton (SBS operative, SAS who dares wins & Motivational Speaker) or Eddie Hall (World’s strongest man/ Deadlift World Record Holder), their message is all about overcoming the limitations of the mind. Each have faced extreme hardship and have trained their minds to not stop until the job is done.
 
A study found that ultramarathon runners are intrinsically motivated individuals, who are not motivated by competition, but by adventure and achievements. Even though ultrarunning can be attribute to a wide range of potential health conditions, it is found that most runners would knowingly continue their pursuit of ultra running. I suppose that you need to be as hard as nails mentally to cope with extreme physical exhaustion and sleep deprivation. 
 
You may also be surprised to know that an unusually high percentage of ultra-runners have suffered from mental health conditions, and use running as an escape.
 

CBD for Marathons & Ultra Marathons 

As you can imagine, ultrarunners are pushing their bodies and minds to the limit. What if there was a natural compound that could support your body naturally? 

Every human being has an Endocannabinoid System which is a network of receptors which controls the bodies ability to achieve normal healthy bodily functions; its goal is to achieve homeostasis which is when the body’s internal environment is balanced perfectly, and everything is working as it should. 

So when the body is under stress, for example when you are hitting the wall, your body is out of balance internally.  So when you stop, your ECS goes into overdrive to start the body’s process of recovery and repair. 

Our bodies produce our own cannabinoids to do this but our bodies can also work with phytocannabinoids (like CBD & CBG), which are found in plants like Olives, Flax Seeds and Cannabis/Hemp. 

This is important to understand specifically when it comes to recovery. Just as you take electrolytes & caffeine to support your body, so do food supplements. 

One thing that ultramarathon runners often experience (particularly during training or after a race) is a lowered immune system. When the body is under stress it starts to pull blood away from the systems that are not important at that moment, and redirects it to the systems that are essential, like the muscles. You need to ensure that you have a balanced diet, and that you are looking after your well-being. 

What Do Ultra Runners Say?

This article has been inspired by a runner called Luke Hinds. He purchased one of our oils just as we were starting out and emailed us to let us know the impact that it had on his running. We were so completely in awe of the feats that Luke attempts that we wanted to support his running somehow. 

Luke recently ran a 100 mile event and managed 83 miles after running for 23 hours. Even though he was disappointed, this is an amazing achievement, and as testament to him, the next day feeling battered and exhausted he entered another, more challenging event! What a man! 

CBDeity Review

We are really excited to send Luke the products we are testing out so that we can ascertain benefits that CBD has for people who are achieving amazing feats of endurance and overcoming unimaginable odds.

We cannot for sure sat that CBD will help with your running, and after doing some research there are quite a few people that don’t rate CBD at all. We put the question out on reddit (mainly US users) who said that they got some benefit, but more benefit from the Illegal Cannabinoid that we won’t mention…

We are all unique so it is hard to say if your body will use the CBD or not, and whether or not these runners were using products like oils, CBD pastes, creams or a bath-bomb. This can change the outcomes massively. 

What do You think about CBD oil for Running? 

We always like your input- if you are a runner, or ultramarathoner and would like to have your say, give us a share, add a comment or start your own debate!
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How Long Does CBD Take To Work?

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How Long Does A CBD Food Supplement Take To Kick In?

A very short answer to this is something my mother used to say: ‘How long is a piece of string?’

Sorry for being rather unhelpful, but it is true. The fact is, each of our body’s Endocannabinoid Systems works differently and therefore it depends on person to person. For some people, they may notice something immediately, for others, it may properly start to kick in within hours, days or weeks.

While we can’t determine when, how or what CBD is going to do, there are a couple of ‘best practices’ which can ensure that you are using CBD in the most effective way possible. A lot of it is about trial and error, listening to what your body tells you and understanding that CBD may need time to build up in your system.

Start Low and Low

The advise we always give is to start low and slow. If you drink a whole bottle at once, you’re not going to feel particularly well and you aren’t going to do yourself any good (please don’t try it!). Starting with a CBD oil/ or Paste with a low concentration (& dose) means that your body gets used to the compounds, and prepares itself to use the compounds effectively. It will take time for your body to work out what and how to use the cannabinoids. If you flood your body with a strange new thing, it will go into full panic mode.

By starting low, your body tips its toe in the water and thinks… oooh, this is nice… then will become used to accepting higher doses and can use the compounds where it needs them. As you start to increase the dose, it is important that you take note of how you are feeling; are you sleeping differently?

How Do You Feel?

Listening to your body is the most important thing you can do for your well being. Just like when you feel hungry, your body is telling you that you need fuel. When starting with your low dose of CBD, it is not unusual to feel nothing at all… that is because CBD doesn’t really feel like anything. Usually, it is very subtle things that start to happen, and those are the important ones.

If you’re feeling something, but not enough, you should increase. By trial and error you can work this out, you will work out what your body needs, and the best way to take the CBD supplements.

Another pro tip is to try our different products – for instance, your body may react differently to a CBD paste, Full-spectrum oil or even a vape oil!

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