A Gateway into Mindfulness

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A Gateway into Mindfulness

CBD is fantastic, but (a big but) it is most effective as a part of a balanced and healthy lifestyle. A food supplement’s job is not to make dramatic changes to the way that you feel, rather it’s job is to provide support and provide a platform for your body’s ability to achieve optimal well-being.

If you have come to find CBD for one reason or another, it is really important to think about what else you need to do to improve your lifestyle and wellbeing, if you are not already doing so.

A huge part of our mission is to support mental health in the UK, particularly combat the epidemic of male suicides that is now the biggest cause of death in men under 45 (CALM being the UK’s leading male suicide charity). Just like going to the gym, your mind needs to be taught to operate in a healthy manner; unlocking the power of the mind can have huge implications on your happiness, your relationships/ friendships, performance at work or at play! We work alongside several wellness organisations in Edinburgh and the UK, and would like to share their work and experience with you, plus push you in their direction if you are interested in what they do.

So, what we are going to be talking about today is often referred to as ‘Mindfulness’ – and personally, we feel that it is an invaluable tool that we all need to tap into to take care of ourselves (thanks to The Mindful Enterprise).

Fight or Flight

As we fire into the 2020’s, life is becoming increasingly faster, more chaotic, and thanks to technology, external influences can find us no matter where we are. The psychological impact of getting a work email before bed is huge; have you ever been in perfect zen ready for bed to being wide awake thinking about what you need to do in the morning? My work phone ringtone is like a lightning blot cutting through a tree when it is time to relax.

The process that causes this is our hard-wired, genetic fight or flight mechanism. In prehistoric humans, this helped us survive. Just imagine, we’re walking along minding our own business, and a tiger pops out of a bush. Uh oh! Your brain automatically flicks turbo mode on so that our body can give everything to survive; whether that is to run for our lives or to fight to the death.

Due to this stimulus of danger, our body functions are turned off (like digestion, healing, growth, immune system etc..) to prioritise only those processes which are essential to survive an attack. Our blood pressure is increased and the flow is rerouted, the body is flooded with chemicals like adrenalin and cortisol to supercharge our muscles and give us a huge boost of energy.

Now that you are safe inside your cave, your body turns off turbo mode and resumes business as usual; it puts the blood back into the essential processes we need for the long term health. In short doses, this stress can help you get through some difficult situations and make you feel alive!

Fast forward to modern-day and we live in an environment that is complete of our own making; the stimulus is no longer the physical danger of a predator or enemy, but it is very much inside our own head. Our survival is no longer while hunting in the jungle, but rather being at work, or socialising with people/colleagues and navigating around other people living in this world; all of which we have a connection with 24/7 via our mobile phones.

So when we see a particularly nippy work email come through, or a text that isn’t kind, or a news alert about the world ending, there is almost certainly no threat of physical danger/death, but our brain turns on that survival mechanism and we go turbo.

The danger of this is that most of us almost never get a chance to switch off and escape the stimulus, and our body is constantly in fight or flight mode. So, rather than turning off the immune system (as one example) simply to survive an attack, our body’s ability to defend itself from viruses is constantly affected (it is why we get sick when we are stressed). Have you ever been so stressed or angry that you just can’t think straight? Well, this is caused by the fact that the prefrontal cortex is tuned down during turbo mode, which leaves us unable to think clearly, plan ahead or make rational decisions.

So, if we feel in danger every second of the day, our body stops working as it should; this could lead to sickness, dysfunction and a lack of rest (or sleep). This long term exposure to stress is what is often referred to as ‘toxic stress’. It is a build-up of these chemicals that can be harmful to our well-being.

What is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness comes in many different forms, and you may actually be practising it without even knowing it. In a nutshell. it is referred to as the art of learning to pay attention, on purpose, to the present moment without judgement; Kabat Zinn. This is all about being in the moment.

Basically, you take note of the things/feelings happening right now without associating a feeling to them. Just accept and acknowledge their presence. In modern life, we are almost always thinking about something- what is happening at work, who said what, how you will reply etc… and we are almost very rarely thinking about what we are doing in the moment. A study committed by Harvard University (a while ago now) found that we were not thinking about what we were doing in that moment for 47% of the time (no doubt that has increased in recent years). Reading this, your mind may have already wandered off into something else. I am going to hope that you’re not bored with this blog post, but that your brain has just caught wind somewhere along the way. It just shows that it can be difficult to be focused on what you are doing right now.

Mindfulness is about giving your mind some time to rest, and just be in the moment; not to think about what you’re having for dinner tonight, or what you have to do for work (which triggers your turbo mode). It is a concerted effort to bring your thoughts into now.

When we are unable to vent, and extract these emotions we build up that toxic stress. Mindfulness gives us a newfound ability to self-regulate their emotions and to understand (and prevent) patterns of thoughts and behaviours which may lead them to feel stressed, anxious, depressed or otherwise.

The National Institute of Clinical Excellence and GPs refer sufferers of mental health conditions (like anxiety, depression, OCD and more) to Mindfulness courses to reduce stress and try to prevent recurrent depression. Mindfulness has been proven to have a dramatic impact on your general health and well-being, alongside helping people (young and old) to improve satisfaction and performance in many areas of life.

A Gateway into Mindfulness

Like anything, getting into mindfulness is difficult to start with, but there are a couple of little tasks that you can implement every day that will help you deal with your emotions and ultimately make you feel much better.

  1. The Right Start – If you’re anything like me, the first thing you look at is the emails that have come through during the night. This time in the morning is maybe the most essential part of the day. It is the time when you are collecting your thoughts and setting up how you feel for the day to come. Find yourself 10-20 minutes before you head to work, put the radio/TV on or pick up your phone, just to be present. Whether that is when you’re in the shower (feeling the warm water wash over you) or sitting with a cup of coffee while looking out of the window. Just take in the moment, without thinking about the day ahead. Then get cracking.
  2. A Mindful Moment – A mindful moment is just enjoying the details of the moment during the day. Ideally, this is something small like eating lunch, drinking a late morning coffee, or looking out of a window. Quite a few of us work and eat lunch at the same time, or look at our phones and read trash that ultimately doesn’t affect our lives (even if the news article says so). Take the time to enjoy your food- think about the flavours, the textures and the environment you’re in. Try to keep your mind in the moment and not to think about other things going on in your life. Just be present in what you are doing.
  3. Diary Moments – Sometimes, when work and life is so damn chaotic, it is really really hard to just stop and take a second. If you just keep going until you hit the pillow, you will not give your mind time to unpack everything that is stored in your brain. Like unread emails, your thoughts and feelings will bottle up and eventually become unmanageable. So, why not work in a little time to yourself with a diary? Just before you head to bed: get a pen and some paper and write a little bit about the day. What happened? How you felt and the plan for tomorrow. This gives you time just to think about what has passed, and to get what you need to do on paper. In theory, when you head to bed, you have already unpacked what you need to process and can just lay in bed enjoying the moment without your mind going mental.

The Mindful Enterprise?

Well done, if you have made it this far then we are truly thankful for taking the time. If this post has hit a cord, then it is time for the next step.

In honesty, this blog post is part of our own learning curve and identifying what helps for us; most of this understanding comes from Gary from The Mindful Enterprise who is leading the mindful revolution in our home town of Edinburgh. The company is a social enterprise who give their profits into providing training and wellness coaching for those in need.

If you are interested in finding out more about Mindfulness and how it can revolutionise your wellbeing, then check them out!

What is a Dab Pen?

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The world of CBD concentrates is growing and their popularity in the UK is almost matching that of the USA. They seem to be the choice of cannabis contours who enjoy the richer, cleaner flavour of an extract combined with the power it of cannabinoids which cannot be matched by anything else. While the USA ‘dab; culture is heavily for the high THC user, there are some fantastic CBD alternatives which do not come with the same psychoactive effects.

There is a perception that concentrates can only be consumed by using what is commonly referred to as a ‘rig’ – or a ‘bong’. The rigs are generally made from glass and are big contraptions where you blow torch a glass component until it is hot enough to vaporise the concentrate. You then ‘dab’ it onto the glass, place in your stopper and inhale the vapourised cannabinoids. It is the classic Instagram stoner vibe.

While many, many people get really serious about the glass-ware they use and can be almost ritualistic about it, there are many people who would like to enjoy the power and flavour of a concentrate without the need of a rig. Some also do not like the look of a serious rig, but would enjoy the flavour and to vape their CBD.

As technology has advanced, you are now able to purchase a portable rig that can fit in your back pocket, and doesn’t require a butane lighter like something like the Dyna Vap: the Dab Pen is born.

 

What is Dab Pen?

A dab pen is one of the most exciting things to come out of the dabbing community – it is basically a little portable rig in the shape of a pen. There are millions of little vape pens which use CBD concentrates, but dap pens are specifically designed for the conasour of sorts. They are slightly more powerful and have a lot more versatility. They are easier to clean, and significantly more sustainable.

Not dissimilar to a vape pen (often known as a weed pen). The dab pens are designed specifically to heat a cannabis concentrate like a wax, crumble, sauce or diamond to their ideal temperature while on the go.

Most of the leading dab pens on the market use an electric heat element and an atomiser so you don’t need to get out your blowtorch/ butane lighter to heat up a huge chunk of glass that you need to drag out from the cupboard under the stairs. They make the act of ‘dabbing’ much easier and convenient. You can still enjoy the clean flavours, and powerful cannabinoid dose, without the hassle.

For those who are accustomed to dabbing, you may be surprised to know that they are just as easy to use as a vape pen, but you get a much cleaner and richer terpene flavour, with the power of a dab rig. All you need to do is load your pen up for the day, press a button and there you go

In short, you get all the benefits of dabbing, without the negatives.

 

What are Terpenes?

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What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are the unsung hero of CBD products and their impact is often overlooked, or their benefits are attributed to cannabinoids.

Terpenes are a set of non-psychoactive aromatic compounds that are produced naturally within a very wide array of plants and are responsible for the colour and smell of the flowers, spices, herbs and fruits we enjoy (hopefully) every day. Although Cannabis has a bad reputation, Terpenes can be found in some very ordinary items.

Terpenes are used during aromatherapy and can be found in some surprising places: you may already have them growing in your home or garden, sitting in your kitchen, hiding in your soap, aftershave/perfume or in your essential oil collection. Terpenes are the reason why Cannabis has such a distinctive smell, and have the ability to alter the effects of Cannabis and give identifiable characteristics to different strains.

Terpenes can also have an impact on the way the body uses cannabinoids (part of what is called the Entourage Effect), and actually have their own array of well-being benefits: there is lots of research going into the possible benefits of Terpenes which is exciting, to say the least! Trust us when we say there is a palpable difference between a whole plant CBD oil or paste with Terpenes, and one without it.

There are over 100 different Terpenes, but the ones that are most commonly found in nature (and Cannabis) are Myrcene, Caryophyllene, Limonene, Humulene, Ocimene, Caryophyllene and Terpinolene. So, what are terpenes, where can they be found and why are they relevant to CBD oils?

Pinene

Just from reading the name you may be able to guess where Pinene gets its name? That’s right, from Pines. You may also find Pinene in rosemary, basil, dill, some citrus fruit peels & pine nuts. It’s aroma is famously woody, deep, rich and earthy. Grab a handful of Pines or Rosemary and rub the pines between your hands; that is the aromas you are looking for.

Myrcene

Myrcene is a terpene that is most commonly associated with the Indica strain of Cannabis, but it can be found in Bay leaves, Hops, Thyme, Mangos, Lemongrass and Cannabis. Its is identified by its musky, earthy and herbal aroma that is akin to that of Cardimans and Cinnamon.

Limonene

Now, this one is for those who like the tang of citrus. As the name suggests, Limonene can be found in Lemon, Lime & Grapefruit Rinds (most citrus skins, actually), Peppermint, Rosemary, Juniper and Cannabis. It has a tangy citrusy aroma that is very identifiable. If you scrape a citrus fruit skin with a fork or take in the scents of a freshly peeled orange, then this is the aroma of Limonene. It is partly why adding Citrus rind to cooking or a Cocktail is so popular!

Linalool

Although Linalool is considered as a minor Terepene in Hemp and Cannabis, it is certainly the one you are guaranteed to be one of your all-time favourite scents; Lavander. Linalool is found in over 200 plants including, Mint, Nettles, Sage, Oregano & Thyme, Citrus Rind, Cinnamon, Rosewood and Cannabis. The aroma is distinctly floral in character- get yourself some Lavander oil to put in the bath. Glorious!

Humulene

Humulene is another minor Terepene that has a distinct aroma that IPA lovers will know well. It has a hoppy, woody and deeply earthy. This Terepene can be found in Corriander, Basil, Northern American, Asian and European Hop varieties, Gensing, Ginger, Cloves and Cannabis. Imagine a nice cold IPA on a summers day; Citrus bitterness and a floral punch.

Ocimene

Ocimene is most famous for its sweet, herbal and often woody aroma that is very similar to that of Myrcene. This Terepene can be found in a whole host of pungent plants such as Hops, Mangoes, Bergamot (a type of Citrus fruit commonly found in Northern Africa and the Gulf region), Basil, Lavender, Orchids, Pepper, Mint, Kumquats and Cannabis.

Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is a very interesting compound as it is the only Terpene to act like a Cannabinoid and interact with our Endocannabinoid System. It’s aroma is peppery, spicey and woody- imagine a handful of cloves. Caryophyllene is found in Cloves (surprisingly), Black Pepper, Cinnamon, Hopes Oregano, Rosemary and Cannabis Sativa (Which includes Hemp).

Terpinolene

Last, but certainly not least, Terpinolene is the really the key to making a Sativa CBD Oil different to an Indica Oil; Sativa CBD oils (like our Dina & Diablo) contain much higher levels of Terpinolene. The Terpene’s aroma is floral, piney and herbal, and it can be found in Apple Skins, Cardigans, Tea Tree Oil, Cumin, Lilacs and Cannabis.

 

Where Can I find Terpenes UK?

Other than in the natural spices, pines, fruits and whatnot that we have already mentioned in this blog post, you can actually purchase Terpene profiles from specific Cannabis strains online. Usually, they are found in tiny bottles and should be taken with caution- you will find that they are rather expensive.

Alternatively, you can find Terpenes in full-spectrum whole plant products, like our 500mg Dina & 1000mg Diablo and hemp extract El Tenedor Del Diablo.

Hemp Oil Vs CBD Oil

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What is the difference between Hemp Oil & CBD Oil?

There is often some confusion around the different kinds of cannabis-derived well-being supplements that are for sale in the UK. It is quite easy to be a little confused as to the difference between CBD oil and Hemp oil. Particularly if you look for your cannabinoid fix on Amazon, or Ebay the line between the two is hard to draw.

Hopefully, this blog post will detail the difference is between CBD oil and Hemp Oil, and how to spot the ‘fake CBD oils’.

 

Hemp Oil Vs CBD Oil

For a lot of people, CBD oils are those ‘cannabis oils’ people buy – hemp is cannabis so they must be also CBD oils? Right?

Well, a Hemp Oil (or hemp seed oil) is derived from the Hemp seeds which are made of up to 75% edible oil. They contain a fantastic array of healthy fats and in itself has a wide range of wellbeing benefits. Most of the time, Hemp seed oils do not contain a meaningful amount of Cannabinoids- it is simply a natural oil that is derived from the seeds of the plant. Hemp oil has been available in health food shops, and are now all the rage online. Hemp seed oils are sold as a food supplement (in capsules/ dropper bottles) or as a beauty product and are fairly cheap (at least much cheaper than a CBD oil)

‘CBD oil’ refers to a substance that contains a large amount of the Cannabinoid CBD– which is one of the main active ingredients derived from the Cannabis/ Hemp leaves and flowers. CBD oil can be produced using pretty much any edible oil, which is why there is so much variety. For example- our Dina (500mg/ 5%) & Diablo (1000mg/10%) are produced using an organic cold-pressed hemp seed oil, and our Dian (1500mg/15%) & Deity (2000mg/20%) CBD oils are produced using an MCT oil which has been derived from Coconut. There are other brands that use Olive Oil, Sunflower or Vegetable to produce their oils. Often ‘CBD oils’ require a process of Co2 extraction (to extract the active cannabinoids & other valuable phytochemicals) and decarboxylation (to turn the raw cannabinoids like CBDa, into CBD).

So, Hemp Oil can be a CBD oil, so long as it actually contains CBD. Most of the really cheap ‘CBD’ oils may just be hemp oil

CBD Oils on Amazon!

One of the most common tactics used by a lot of brands (the CBD oils on Amazon are a perfect example) mock-up their brands/ bottles to look as if they are a CBD product. For instance, with a big ‘20%’ on the bottle – and the ingredients show ‘20% hemp extract’. To the untrained eye, it is really easy to confuse this with a CBD oil.

The fact is ‘hemp extract’ can refer to almost anything from the plant so it does not need to contain any form of cannabinoid… and often they don’t. Some of these products do contain Cannabinoids, but are at a much lower level than what you would expect. Amazon do not allow CBD products to be sold on their platform, but they do allow hemp oil products to be there. So, if you find a 10% oil on amazon for £20, you’re more likely purchasing an expensive hemp oil. A lot of companies get around this by adding fake reviews (there are facebook groups dedicated to this) and asking/ answering questions pretending to be a customer. If you look through all of the amazon ‘CBD oils’ then you will see the same marketing formula.

We have also found more than a few examples of ‘CBD’ oils which are purposely misleading customers. We recently came across a company that is selling what is labeled as a ‘2000mg CBD oil’. For most people, this would be seen as a very strong oil, and the price was very cheap compared to the competitors. After some digging, we found that the oil was ‘2000mgs of hemp extract’, which actually contained just over 4% of CBD.

What is CBG?

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What is CBG?

There are rumblings in the Cannabis world about a new cannabinoid well-being trend, an exciting Cannabinoid called CBG. In actual fact, this Cannabinoid is not new at all and can be found in almost every true full-spectrum CBD oil or CBD Paste (lots of Cannabinoids & Terpenes) product out there, but it is fairly exciting for us ‘Cannabinoid Geeks’.

The theory is, that CBG will explode in popularity in the same way as CBD has… and after posting a couple of probing questions on Reddit CBG seems very popular.

So, what is CBG? What does it do, and where can it be found!?

The Endocannabinoid System

Before we can delve into the specifics of the compound, it is very important to understand the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS in short, is a network of receptors that are woven throughout our body and interact with Cannabinoids; those we create inside our bodies (Endocannabinoids) and those from plants (Phytocannabinoids). The ECS plays a vital role in our bodies ability to achieve Homeostasis; this is the process of bodily self-regulation, where biological systems maintain internal stability and adjust to deal with external conditions to ensure optimum survival.

The ECS is part of our body’s ability to ensure balance and function properly. Cannabinoids (like CBD, CBDa, THC, CBC & 108 more) attach themselves to cannabinoid receptors!

It is always essential that you have an understanding of the ECS before learning about CBG. We all have an ECS and it is this network of receptors that unlocks our well-being potential. If CBG is to become the next CBD, it will undoubtedly be followed by some degree of misinformation and exaggeration, so it is important that you know the internal systems that CBG operates with.

 

What is the Difference Between CBD & CBG?

So, what is CBG? Cannabigerol, like CBD (Cannabidiol), is a Phytocannabinoid which means that it comes from a plant; mainly the Cannabis family of plants. Much like CBD it is non-psychoactive and has been associated with a plethora of well-being outcomes.

In all fairness, it only makes up a tiny amount of the plant, but it is the precursor for the most abundant Cannabinoids; CBDa, THCa & CBCa. Cannabis produces the raw acid compound CBGa which is broken down (by Synthesis & Decarboxylation) into the other Cannabinoids when exposed to heat and ultra-violet light. So in most cases, CBGa is almost immediately broken down into CBD or THC.

In more recent years, scientists have been experimenting with genetic modification and cross-breeding to create strains that has a naturally high concentration of CBG- along with creating products (like oils) by extracting the CBG from the buds just before the Cannabinoid is synthesised into something else. You can actually start to see dedicated CBG oils &Isolates.

 

What are the benefits?

Currently, there are clinical trials ongoing to further understand the benefits, and potential of CBG so it is hard to say for certain what the benefits are. Research is in its infancy so we have an exciting wait to understand what CBG/CBGa can do for us.

What we can certainly say is that research has shown that CBG primarily attaches itself to the CB2 (found in most places in the body) receptor of the Endocannabinoid System and appears to be able to block compounds attaching to the CB1 (brain & nervous system so can alter the way we think… THC attaches to this receptor network), and can contribute to our well-being in a similar way as CBD does. It interacts with the Endocannabinoid system to achieve that healthy balance we talked about earlier.

It is certainly well known that CBG is part of the ‘entourage effect‘ which is when multiple cannabinoids regulate and enhance each other. It just means that rather than taking CBD, or CBG as an isolate, it is much more beneficial to enjoy them in the way that nature intended; together!

 

Where to find it?

Fantastic question, I am glad that you have asked. Please do indulge us in a little section of promotion. You can find this special compoud in plenty of full-spectrum CBD oils as it is becoming an essential cannabinoid alongside CBD. While there are more dedicated products coming out of the woodwork, it is yet to be seen how effective they are.

The formulas for our 500mg & 1000mg oils specifically include CBD, CBDa and CBG, with a trace level of CBC to ensure that they take advantage of the true-entourage effect. Our 1500mg & 2000mg oils have been boosted with CBD & CBG in an MCT Oil base!

Although there is no science backing the inclusion of CBG right now, we know that it is something special! Watch this space!

What is Homeostasis?

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What is Homeostasis?

You may have already read somewhere that the Endocannabinoid System plays an integral role in your body’s ability to achieve Homeostasis. Don’t worry if you are not aware of what that means for your well-being; that is what we are here for!

Homeostasis is the process of bodily self-regulation, where biological systems maintain internal stability and adjust to deal with external conditions to ensure optimum survival. Our body is a delicate ecosystem of chemicals, fluids, processes, and signals that keeps us functioning as we do. Put it this way, if Homeostasis is successful then life continues; otherwise, disaster or death will occur. If our internal balance is stopped or disrupted beyond repair our body cannot function correctly and therefore we will die.

We often refer to homeostasis as a ‘happy medium’, our body systems work to achieve a state of equilibrium, which is a balance that resists outside influences. So when there is an environmental change (internally or externally), our bodies kick a regulatory response into gear and works to achieve a new balance; these changes in the body are achieved with the nervous system, hormonal systems and the activation/deactivation of cannabinoid receptors.

Homeostasis

An Example of Homeostasis at work?

The easiest example of this regulation is something us in Scotland (or the UK in general) know very well; when you shiver in the cold. Internally, our body works optimally within prescribed a core temperature range (usually around 37 degrees) and a change in this can signify something is wrong or can be catastrophic for your internal workings. This process is controlled by the Hypothalamus region of the brain, which detects a change in temperature via information from the bloodstream, change in breathing rates, level of blood sugar and metabolic rate.

As your body’s thermostat detects an imbalance in the form of body temperature (heat loss: reduction in insulin, decreased circulation to the skin), it triggers an involuntary response to shiver in an attempt to increase your body’s temperature back its ideal temperature range. An opposite reaction would be our body producing sweat to cool us down. If your body gets too hot or cold, the body stops working properly – if we cannot maintain our core temperature, we will get sick or die.

There are thousands (if not millions) of examples of self-regulation; if there is even a slight imbalance it can have an impact on your well-being. To enable us to unlock the optimal internal balance, we need to be our bodies best friend.

 

How to ensure healthy Homeostasis?

Healthy body function often happens/ doesn’t happen on its own. There are millions of factors that can affect your body’s ability to achieve homeostasis, and most of them are out of our control. It is, however, our responsibility to ensure that all of these vital systems are able to work correctly. We need to monitor our own bodily functions and take note of when something doesn’t feel right. Even slight changes to your lifestyle could prevent future (or correct current) imbalances.

If you are wondering how you can help your body achieve optimal homeostasis then have a look at a couple of lifestyle changes that will help your body out:

  • Regular Exercise (For Body & Mind)
  • A Healthy Balanced Diet
  • Drinking Lots of Water/ Keep Hydrated
  • Ensuring a Healthy Sleeping Pattern
  • Practice Mindfulness (Mental Health)
  • Listen to your body’s needs. 

We simply need to ensure that we are looking after ourselves and giving our bodies the best opportunities that we can. If we live an unhealthy life, there is more chance that something would go wrong- do everything in moderation and keep an eye on what your body is telling you! Prevention is better than a cure!

How To Make Your Own CBD Oil

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How To Make Your Own CBD Oil at Home

Ok, so you are the adventurous type and you like to make things yourself! Great, you’re just our kind of person. So we are going to share some knowledge with you that you are going to love. We are going to show you how to make your own CBD Oil!

 

If you find that this process is a little but unnecessary or if you need an oil stronger that 750mgs, we have some ready-made: 500mgs/ 5%, 1000mgs/ 10%, 1500mgs/ 5% & 2000mgs/ 20% 🙂

 

Why should you try DIY CBD Oil?

The most important thing about taking CBD is finding your perfect dose and balance. This journey is about understanding your body and finding the perfect balance of cannabinoids, which flavours you like, and which way is best to take CBD for you! Personally, being able to try different blends, formulas and concentrations of CBD without having to go and buy a load of different brands has been amazing (and saved so much money). So, do you want to start your journey of CBD self-discovery? Well, here is how to make your own DIY CBD Oil or Tincture!

 

Things you need!

  • A Bottle with a Pipette (10ml preferably)
  • A healthy oil of your choice (Hemp, Coconut, MCT, Olive, Vegetable or even a distillate CBD oil)
  • A Hemp Extract/ CBD Paste
  • Yourself

 

So, How do You Make CBD Oil?

This is a very easy step by step guide. This process, in short, is about working out how strong you need the oil to be, what carrier oil you want to choose & actually making the mixture!

Step One- Work out your strength

Ok- so first, you just need to think about where you want to start- How much CBD do you want?. If you are a new user, it is best to start with a low dose and if you have tried CBD before, maybe you already know. You need to work out what concentration you want your DYI CBD oil to be, and you do this by working out how many mgs of CBD you want per 10mls of liquid (which is why a 10ml bottle is easiest).

Our whole 10ml tube of CBD paste is 1000mg of total cannabinoids. Here are the concentrations below if you put the amount into an empty 10ml bottle.

  • 1/4 of the tube = 250mg (2.5% CBD Oil)
  • 1/2 of the tube= 500mg (5% CBD Oil)
  • 3/4 of the tube = 750mg (7.5% CBD Oil)

Things get a little more complex when you start increasing the concentration to higher than 750mg in a 10ml bottle. If you put the whole tube of paste into the bottle, the consistency will be way too thick and it will be very difficult to get out of the bottle. So if you want a higher concentration of CBD oil you need to start off the oil with some CBD content- so you would use a carrier oil that is infused with a distillate (this just means that the oil still has CBD in it, but is still quite light) then you would add on top. So, a 500mg CBD oil plus a 1/2 tube of paste will make a 1000mg CBD oil (10% in a 10ml bottle). Easy right!?

 

Step 2- Choose a Carrier Oil

Now that you have worked out how strong you want the oil to be, you want to think about the qualities, flavours and other beneficial factors that the oils should have; this is all down to the carrier oil that you use to create your DIY CBD Oil. Your choice of Oil can depend on what you are looking to use the oil for too- if you are trying to make a balm, or oil for skin, or hair then you would choose your base appropriately.

 

So, here is a list of Oils that we would suggest and a list of their benefits in a tincture:

 

If you were looking to make a CBD oil for your hair or skin – Use Coconut oil, Castor Oil or Jojoba oil. You can even add your paste to butter if you want to spread it on your toast!

After trying several oils, by far the best for me is either MCT or Coconut oil. I feel like tincture has a lighter taste, I feel like I have more energy during the day and I can eat the coconut with a spoon (when it is frozen in the winter). That is just my personal preference. There is also nothing wrong with a blend of different oils, it is down to what you want to achieve with your DYI CBD Tincture.

 

Step 3- Make your CBD Oil!

This is the fun part: So, you know how much CBD you want and you know what oil you want to use. Now it is time to start the magic.

  1. Empty as much CBD paste as you have planned into the bottom of the empty bottle
  2. Add the oil and make sure that you leave a gap of at least 3cm or 4cm before the top (leave enough room for the oil to move)
  3. Put the lid on and give your bottle a really good shake until the paste has been fully broken down.
  4. Top your oil up and leave it to rest (the paste will take some time to fully infuse into the oil).

It is as easy as that. You will notice that the oil is thick, dark, spicy and pungent, and therefore, needs a good shake before you take some oil.

 

Video Evidence

Jankie video warning! Recently, we posted a little video on social media showing you this process of exactly how to make your own CBD oil- you can see this video attached below.. or check out or other blog posts about Melatonin & more 😀

 

Now You Know How To Make CBD Oil at Home

Indica Vs Sativa

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Sativa vs Indica

What is the difference between Sativa and Indica is a question we get quite a lot- particularly from previous customers of the CBD brothers/ The Original Alternative or those who smoke cannabis recreationally.

For those of you who don’t know,  that there are three main strains: SativaIndica, & a Hybrid of the two (we will talk about Sensimilla towards the end – no Seeds). These types (or strains) of Cannabis strains are deeply routed in Cannabis culture and usually, if you are into smoking you will be asking which is your preference.

While the battle between Sativa & Indica is fairly obvious in the cannabis community, it is much less obvious when you are looking into CBD oils or CBD paste. All CBD oils in the UK (including ours) are produced (or should be according to the FSA & CTA) using a Hemp extract (from leaves and/ or flower), from a strain called Sativa L. – which is a part of the Cannabis family but isn’t known for being smoked down to the fact that there is a very high level of CBD, and low levels of THC (why people smoke Cannabis in the first place).

If you are looking for an Indica strain CBD product, you can find it here!

So what is the difference between Indica & Sativa (& the CBD oils they produce), and does it matter?

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What is the difference between Indica vs Sativa?

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Well, if you ask somebody who knows their Cannabis well:

  • Indica: is known for being chill and is often taken before bed or to relax after a long day (strains like Northern Lights & Blue Cheese). The Indica strains are known to ‘lock you’ to the couch.
  • Sativa: is commonly associated with an ‘uplifting, exciting and cerebral’ effect which is said to be better for creative projects, exercise or at social gatherings (strains like Amnesia or Sour Diesel)
  • A Hybrid: is a combination of the two where you may be able to enjoy the best of both worlds. Some of the most famous strains are Hybrids: Including Stardawg, Gorilla Glue and OG Kush. All of our Vape concentrates/vape pen options are hybrids with a sativa/indica lean.

The physical differences between the strain are:

  • Indica: Short in stature, broad leaves, shorter flowering cycles and are better suited to cooler climates.
  • Sativa: Tall in stature, narrow leaves, long flowering cycles and (you guessed it) like the warm sunshine.

The different environments and structures will certainly have an impact on the chemical profile of the plants.

These differences, however, are generalisations and do not truly represent the qualities of either strain; by a long way, the most important factor in this is the Cannabinoid & Terpene profile of the plant. So it is much more important to understand the chemical structure of the plant (eg- CBD ratio to THC etc..) rather than the strain. For instance, a strain that is a Sativa with a high CBD content will feel much more like an Indica for example- there is no real telling the difference.

This is important for those who know a lot about Cannabis and are looking for a CBD oil. It would make sense that you would look for an Indica based oil as most people who buy a CBD oil are not looking for it to get them ‘hyped’. So when faced with an overwhelming array of oils that are made with a Sativa, it may be confusing. Some companies make a big deal of which strain they use but at the end of the day, does it really make too much of a difference.

 

Indica CBD Oil or Sativa CBD Oil?

In the context of recreational cannabis, the different strains and CBD/THC ratios make some kind of sense. As there is a large amount of THC being consumed, the effects of the cannabinoids and other phytochemicals can be instantly felt. In the UK, the only strain that CBD oils should be produced with is the Sativa L but it seems that this doesn’t make too much of a difference to the finished article.

The production of most CBD oils seems to make the strain somewhat irrelevant. Hemp is used in the production of CBD oils due to its high concentration of CBD, and generally, most of the other important chemicals are stripped out or reduced significantly- for legal reasons: According to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations (MoDR) 2001 regulation 2, the legal level of THC is 1mg per closed container, irrespective of size. 0.2% THC is the maximum content which is for growers and refers to raw extract.

CBD oils are manufactured (in most cases) to remove THC (and often terpenes too) so the nuances between the strains are almost completely lost. There are some oils that are thick and dark (like our full spectrum 10% CBD Oils) and others do not contain THC at all (like our 2000mgs/20% oil) – each hold a very different experience (in regards to taste, general well-being), but often the same outcome in terms of the way they feel. Some oils are manufactured to contain a carefully constructed profile of Cannabinoids specifically to target particular effects. All of our own oils contain natural plant terpenes so they are getting to work without you even knowing it.

There are lots of Indica CBD oils on the market at the moment, but according to some regulators, these may not be strictly legal. Most notably, Indica CBD oils can be purchased online alongside Sativa CBD oils. The main difference between the two will certainly be their terpene profiles. We currently only sell Sativa CBD oils as we wish to be on the safe side of the coming regulation and enforcement.

 

Terpenes

Terpenes are a set of aromatics that can have a huge impact on the way the body uses cannabinoids, and have their own array of health and well-being benefits. generally, Terpenes are used during aromatherapy to relax or invigorate your mind and body and are produced by plants and fruits. They are very easily found in lavender, oranges, pepper, hops and in cannabis. Do you like the smell of cannabis, and notice that different strains smell differently? Well, that is all down to the terpene profiles? Some smell citrusy, like pine, berries or fuel. The Terpenes that are most commonly found in cannabis are Mycene, Caryophyllene, Limonene and Terpinolene.

The presence of certain terpenes in your CBD oil can have a huge impact on your experience. Some are very soothing, and others may make you feel stimulated or anxious!

The Terpene profiles found in both Sativa and Indica are largely very similar – the main difference between a Sativa CBD oil and an Indica CBD oil is really down to a high level of Terpinolene in certain Sativa strains. Terpinolene can be found in Nutmeg, Teatree Lilacs, Apples and Cumin.

Although there is plenty of research into terpinolene ongoing: the terpene has been found to contribute to a plethora of well-being outcomes.

What Is Sensimilla?

While Cannabis Indica & Sativa are the most commonly talked about forms of Cannabis, there is another sub-sector of cannabis plants called Sensimilla. Question: is Sensimilla Sativa or Indica? Sensimilla plants can be both! A Sensimilla is simply a female cannabis plant that has been grown without male cannabis plants.

In biology, all plants have a male and female part which are essential for the reproduction of plants. For cannabis, the male plants produce pollen which fertilizes the females- the females produce seeds that drop and germinate to produce new plants. These new plants, however, are of random strains and cannot be controlled.

When cannabis growers want to control the strain, cannabinoid levels and yield of the plants, they tend to remove the male plants from the and keep the ‘pure’ females which are seedless and have higher levels of THC. The Sensimilla plants contain more THC (or CBD depending on the strain), have a greater flower yield and there are no seeds that are produced. This process revolutionized the cannabis industry and the quality of smokable flowers.

 

What Are Cannabinoids?

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Cannabinoids

Although CBD gets a lot of press it is only one of 113 identified cannabinoid compounds identified in the family of Cannabis plants. cannabinoids come in all kinds of shapes and sizes and do a very wide range of things. Each attach themselves to our Endocannabinoid System and alter the way in which out body sends, and receives signals. 

The two most well known cannabinoids are CBD & THC which make up most of the cannabinoid profile of the plant- our best friend CBD being up to 40%. 

Cannabinoids comes in three classifications: Endocannabinoids, which are produced in our bodies, Phytocannabinoids, which can be derived from plants, and Synthetic-Cannabinoids, which have been made by humans. 

Endocannabinoids

In short, Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are produced within our bodies at attach to cannabinoid receptors. Would it surprise you to say that these compounds have the same effects on our bodies as phytocannabinoids, and are actually very similar in their chemical structure? 

Anandamide was first to be identified – also known as arahidonoyl ethanolamine. The name comes from a Sanskrit word that means ‘bliss’. In its pharmacology it is very similar to THC (the psychoactive compound in Cannabis) although the chemical structure is different. Anandamide binds to the CB1 receptor, and the CB2 to a lesser extent, where it acts as an agonist. 

This endocannabinoid is just as potent as THC when it interacts with the CB1 receptors which is why you can get a rush of intense euphoria after a long run (running high), or after eating some spice. It is found in nearly all tissues in the animal kingdom – it is also found in Chocolate… although in very small amounts. 

Two other variations of Anandamide are docosatetraenoylethanolamide and homo-y-linolenoylethanolamine (yeah, I gave up with these too). All of these interact with the same signalling lipids called n-acylethanolamines (including noncannabimimetic palmitoylethanolamide and oleoylethanolamide). 

So in essence, we produce our own THC that makes us high!

If this paragraph has been more than enough chemistry for one day, then read on, otherwise, if you are interested in learning more about the other endocannabinoids that have been identified then follow the link to the wikipedia page for reference!

Phytocannabinoids

Feeeeww, we are back onto familiar ground. As you may already be aware, Phytocannabinoids are compounds that interact with the ECS and are derived from plants. The name ‘cannabinoid’ comes from the fact that these chemicals were deserved during research into cannabis; although cannabis has a very high content of these chemicals, cannabinoids can also be found in Olives, Flax seeds and Chocolate.

There are lots of these chemicals and each do very interesting things. Here is a list of known cannabinoid subcategories: 

  • Cannabigerols (CBG)
  • Cannabichromenes (CBC)
  • Cannabidiols (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinols (THC)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabinodiol (CBDL)
  • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
  • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
  • Cannabitriol (CBT)
  • Cannabivarin (CBV)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
  • Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)
  • Cannabigerovarin (CBGV)
  • Cannabigerol Monoethyl Ether (CBGM)
 
There are loads of other cannabinoids (and aromatic compounds called Terpenes) that haven’t been included within this list – including the acid precursors such as CBDa, and THCa which can be found in some of our products. 
 

Synthetic Cannabinoids 

When anybody ways ‘synthetic’ we get the fear – and yes, when you witness somebody abusing synthetic cannabinoids (much like Spice) it is easy to worry about what these compounds are for, and what they do to us. Many can be very dangerous but the purpose of these cannabinoids is much more than for recreational use. 

As you might imagine, when an amazing chemical is discovered, Scientist will get to work to try and understand and replicate it.Whether that be for medicinal or recreational use.

Most of the synthetic cannabinoids we know about have been based on the structure of herbal cannabinoids, and huge numbers of them have been produced and tested, mainly by a group led by Roger Adams in the 1940s and later by the group lead by Raphael Machaulam. The newer synthetic cannabinoids have been created using the structures of Endocannabinoids. 

You may be thinking, why would these people create new compounds? Well, most of these cannabinoids were developed during experiments which set out to determine the relationship between the chemical structure, and their activity when combined with a cannabinoid receptor. Subsequently, they would be adapted with incremental modifications to achieve a desired effect.

Politically, this can get a little heated.

An Interview with Luke Hinds

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An Interview with Luke Hinds: Ultra-Marathon Runner.

As a little bit of context, Luke was one of our very first customers way back at the start of the year. We sent an email trying to assess how our new oils were going down and Luke took our breath away with his response.

Luke is an Ultra-marathon runner who started taking our CBD way back in the begining. All of us here at CBDiablo were taken aback by the amazing achievements that Luke was able to do and we wanted to somehow be involved in his running. 

We are continuing to send Luke products, and asking for his feedback as somebody who is a true CBDeity to help improve our products and services. 

We have put together a couple of questions for Luke to answer to showcase a person living life to the fullest and embracing a Deity mindset!

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What made you start running ultramarathons?

It was a progression for me, as happens with many others. I found myself overweight and unhappy with my physical health and knew that the longer I left getting into the shape, the harder it would to make a start and the more likely I could develop a serious condition. I had been in quite good shape for a good number of years, as I regularly trained and sometimes competed in martial arts tournaments (Brazilian Jiu Jitsu). However I quit after getting injured and moving areas for work. The problem was that I kept eating like I was in training, but I was now sitting on my arse all day – so the pounds packed on. 

Three to four years of this and I could tell health issues were going to start to appear, unless I did something. I never got really sick, but I started to catch colds very easily and develop sleep apnea at night. I had a moment where I somehow willed myself to change and so I purchased some trainers, put them on the next day and started to shuffle around the block doing run / walk. A few months after this I did my first park run (5k), then I moved up to a 10k, and then a half marathon, marathon, and then a 50k and on from there.

 It become an addiction in all truth, but a very healthy one, so I stuck with it! 

On average how many miles do you run a week?/ What does your training schedule consist of? 

Peak mileage before an event is on average 70 miles per week. I also do strength training to help ward off injuries (lots of squats, kettlebells and plyometrics). I also follow the rule of 80 / 20, whereby 80% of my runs are at an easy conversational pace, with a day a week dedicated to a harder speed session (hill repeats or track intervals). I often see people not follow this rule (including myself) and they end up injured. Running is very different to how you would approach a gym session, in the gym you can lift to the point of failure, running however needs more time and patience to develop the needed adaptations, as we are working on the cardiovascular system, which is an intricate network of cells (mitochondria) and not just muscle fibres. 

Ultrarunning is as much about mental strength and resilience, as it is a physical challenge. What keeps you going even in the darkest moments when your body is broken and you are sleep deprived?

Good question. When it gets tough I tend to break things into smaller chunks. I tell myself I will get to the next aid point and not dwell on the fact that I have X many miles to go. If it’s really bad, I bring it right down to putting one foot in front of the other. I have also started to practice mindfulness while running, this helps manage my mind better, as if anything will pull me out of a race, it has before and will be again, my mind.

Using mindfulness I am working on stopping thoughts running away with themselves (especially the negative ones). It’s the difference between observing “feeling tired” and rumination runaway style thinking of “I feel tired, I should not be tired at this point, why do I tire easily? You should be doing better than this!, Maybe you’re not cut out for this!”. Also what mindset do you give yourself to get out when it is cold and wet/ you feel tired/ can’t be bothered? What do you tell yourself? I am really lucky here, as I love running so much, and even more so in bad weather. 

The worst thing for me is not being able to run because I am injured. I am more likely to find myself looking out of the window when its raining and gray, and wishing I was out there. I think this is why I really like Mountain events, I love having a hood up on a gore tex coat and bearing the elements. I think its my Ginger celtic genetics playing out 🙂 One thing with running in cold shit weather, you warm up quick, and can then tune into being a really comfortable temperature by adjusting your layers.

How do you think ultrarunning has impacted your mental health/ ability to deal with working life and life in general -and why has it helped you cope?

Massively. Endurance running really hardens your resolve to stick at things, even when its not pleasurable. I was always a good starter before, but a bad finisher, running helps break that mold. It also introduced focus into my life at a time when I really needed it.

 I find having a race to work towards really helps drive me forwards and is something I really look forward to. I think we all need events and junctures to aspire and drives towards and challenge ourselves – water that does not move, becomes stagnant. I was recently reading a book which spoke on two forms of happiness, “hedonistic” and “eudaimonic”, hedonism is pleasure from material comforts and often acquired with very little effort, where as eudaimonism is based on pursuit of fulfilling your potential, through striving to challenge yourself and meet goals.

Aristotle was the originator of eudaimonistic happiness , with the concept furthered by other stoic centric philosophers. Eudaimonism is available to all, I am just as moved by the overweight person trying to shuffle around there first park run, as I am some super man going to extremes, both are very noble to me. Likewise with the podium winner or the last person in, limping and grimacing to get over the finish line, in the middle of the night when everyone else has gone home. 

As you know, Sam has entered an ultra-marathon event after being inspired by what you do – what advice would you give him before he starts, and is there anything you would suggest he think about to physically & mentally prepare himself?

 First off, Brilliant, this is great news Sam! I am sure you will smash it. I am so looking forward to hearing how you get on! Ultra running (or any distance running) requires a good amount of mileage each week. With this in mind, you need to build slowly! So even if you feel great, don’t increase mileage to quickly. The general rule is no more than 10% increase a week. So if you run 20 miles in a week, run 22 the next week. Consider joining a local running club, you will start to find others that you can run with for weekend long run company and they will often hold coached sessions which can be very useful. Train on the terrain you will race. If you’re going to be running in the mountains or trails, don’t do all your training on tarmac (although some training is better than none). Last of all, start very slow on your first race and make sure you eat lots! 

Most people would consider ultra running as an extreme sport that requires extreme levels of self-motivation and resilience- it is found that a large percentage of ultra runners started running as a coping mechanism. If you have suffered from mental health issues in the past, what have they been?
 

 I have had depression most of my life and that played out as addiction issues with drugs and alcohol. Running is a perfect elixir to this (perhaps not for everyone, but for a lot of people). I find running is exceptionally good for me to spend time thinking and reflecting on my life. For example, if I sit around at home and start thinking about my life, it has a tendency to turn a bit morbid or negative, where as when I think things through while running, I don’t find my thoughts running away with themselves. It’s like my safe place. Running is medidiative, so I am sure its from that and also all the hormones that it releases. In regards to needing extreme levels of self-motivation and resilience, you develop these over time from working at the cliff face during training. The victory of completing an event when then odds are against you, is not won on the day only, it’s from the 4 weeks before when you got up on a Monday morning at 5am to go out and run. You just need to keep at it, and it shapes you. What made you realize that you had an issue & what lead to your recovery/ betterment? This was going back many years in my younger days. At first everyone else was telling me I had an issue, until I eventually agreed with them. I sought out help after getting into some trouble with the law and over time I started ‘parent’ myself into taking care of my health and mental outlook and slowly rebuilding my life again. I also discovered exercise, which is perfect for learning discipline and getting a healthy fix! 

What techniques/mindset/ activities helped you overcome the demons? And what do you do now to keep them in check (other than running if there are any :)?
 

 I am lucky to have a wonderful family of my own now, they drive me forward and my wife is very good at making sure I am not falling into any traps or holes and will always point it out for me, in no uncertain times if I do. The key things for myself is constant vigilant care of my health and well being, I know that sounds kind of obvious. Let me frame it this way: Depression or any form of mental illness are like any other condition or illness. If you don’t eat, sleep and care for yourself well, then your primary condition will likely flare up as a result of not providing yourself with sufficient care. I have also over the years learned to be honest with myself and try to maintain this inner honestly. I do a lot of self searching and evaluate how I am behaving and it my behavior stemmed from me having an unresolved issue I have and need to talk to someone about or take a certain action? 

What makes you get out and keep going in the darkest moments mentally? (do you use a mindset/ ethos/ your family/ something else?)

Eventually it will come down to pure stubbornness to not quit. Quite often at the end of a really hard event, I find myself almost turning feral in my mind, and just driving forward. Thinking of family won’t be enough, it boils down to a single focus of getting it done. I will often start letting rip with some expletives in the middle of the night and find that help, kind of a ‘bring it’ type attitude. Having said that, you also need to know when to quit. Especially with the mountain events. If you get stranded, others (Mountain rescue) will also be putting themselves at risk in trying to perform a rescue, so you do have to know when you should call it a day. I had a 100 mile race not long back, when I had to quit at 82 miles. My body just gave out on me, I could have gone ‘David Goggins’ and crawled on my hands and knees to the finish, but I knew I had a family holiday is coming up in just a few days and my wife would not be impressed if it meant I was in A&E while she was left packing the luggage!

What would you say is the most important lessons you have learned in life, and what would be something you would like to share to others who are also struggling with mental health/ is there anything in particular that has shaped the way you think about your own mental health?

Talking is #1! When we speak with someone else, we break our isolation. Isolation is what is lethal for us. When you keep your problems to yourself, you are left comparing how you feel inside, with how everyone else looks on the outside and you will always come worse off. The kicker here is that people are incredibly good at looking together externally, while internally they might well be in the middle of a storm. Never feel silly or like you will waste someone’s time, or your issues are petty somehow, just talk it out. Call the Samaritans if need be, if you don’t have a trusted person you can talk to. In the words of R.E.M “Everybody hurts, take comfort in your friends”.

Being A Deity!

What drives you?

Being scared of mediocrity.

How do you empower yourself?

Doing things that scare me and have a decent chance of failing.

How have you become impenetrable?

I am very open and happy to be a bit vulnerable with others- this makes me stronger so that nothing hurts me!

Why is it important for you to be tenacious and try again, even after you have failed? 

Failures are just lessons learned. I am an engineer by trade, and the nature of the trade is you have to fail, assess why, make some tweaks and try again. “That which can be measured can be mastered!” I also I would much rather fail, then not even try in the first place, for fear of failure. I am a bit a sucker for quotes, and love the Roosevelt one: “It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.” 

What is important to you about having a positive, forward-thinking mindset?

I am a much happier camper myself, and far more useful to my fellow man!

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